How many hours should I study for Class 11 and 12 (PCM)?

Board exams act as a stepping stone for our professional future. They are a test of merit and successful accomplishment of the exam takes the student to another level.Furthermore, marks obtained in an examination act as a basis for selecting your preferred stream for specialization and helps you decide what you want to study in college and for yearly board exam preparation.

So the question arises how many hours should the students put in for board exam preparation without hampering his/her preparation for the entrance examinations?

“In the middle of ever difficultly lies opportunity.” – Albert Einstein

Importance of Time-Management

Time- Management is the key to getting good marks in Board Exams. Setting a schedule for each subject in accordance with your exams is a very effective way of studying and further adhering to that schedule will help you yield the results you wish to obtain.

It is not very beneficial to let all the subject preparation pile-up till the last moment and starting your preparation towards late months before the examination. For a stress less, preparation it is advisable to start your studies as soon as the academic year starts. It also very important that do you manage the preparation for your entrance examination as well as because the entrance examination usually starts taking place after your board examinations end. Hence, it is suitable to set up a study plan which covers your studies right from board examinations to all your entrance examinations.


Managing Board Exam Preparation with Entrance Exam Preparation


Usually, the board examinations are more subjective and the answers are in the form of theory and the numeral question have to be presented with all the necessary steps. And in case of Entrance Examinations, the questions are objective where a particular answer has to be selected. So, the question can be either solved using conventional methods or by eliminating the options.

Hence, when the student prepares for board examination he/she gain a vast theoretical knowledge and gains primitive subject knowledge and while preparing for entrance examinations he/she learns to apply those concepts in real life problems and thus gaining derivative subject knowledge in the process. Hence, all in all, the by preparing for both simultaneously using a well-managed schedule the student often gains mastery over a subject which beneficial during any of the exams as well in real life.

It is necessary that the student pays attention during the lectures as it helps to reduce the workload and he/she has to put in less time studying those concepts because he/she has a vague idea of the concepts which were taught and hence the progress of subject completion would be faster rather than starting it from the scratch.

It is advisable that the student at least takes out 3-4 hours during the weekdays and 5-6 hours during the weekends for the preparation of the board examinations.

Tips for Preparation

Further, it is not advisable to leave out any topics since it will be required in the upcoming academic years and thus it would pose a hindrance if it is not prepared at the right time. Never skip any concept that you are not understanding because then you will not get the next concepts and this takes away your interest in that particular subject. Give concepts time to understand well then only proceed and you will find the subject interesting. Don’t hesitate to clear your doubts from teachers and friends with 11th and 12th concepts.

Mostly All the chapter you will be reading in 12th is extended part of what you are supposed to learn in 11th. So, the best thing you can do is, just be parallel to what is being taught in the class, do the self-study of those topics and if you think you are unable to understand that, refer the related topic in class 11th textbook. Have patience, sit for 3-4 hours daily at least and with a relaxed mind, read and try to understand the concept of 11th, then move to the topic of 12th that is being taught. This is the best thing you can do for all of your subjects.

You can continue this throughout your academic session or during your Summer Vacations, you can just finish off your 11th subjects since you have already read that. even with an absent mind, you know something about them. So, it will take quite less time.

It is necessary that the student improves his/her presentation skills over the course of preparation because Good handwriting and neatly written answers easily impress people because their lives become much easier. You might even get away with a minor mistake. On the other hand, an illegible script, with cutting and overwriting, simply puts off teachers!

As a rule of thumb, if you can do anything, which will make it easier for the examiner to check your answer sheet, do it. The first impression gained by a well-presented answer sheet is very helpful. I know people who were good in their subject but got fewer marks than expected because of bad presentation. There are cases where the opposite has also taken place. No matter how well you garnish a dish, it wouldn’t impress anyone if it didn’t taste good.

Nobody is born as a topper. Not denying the fact that there are always people with special talents but students can always improve with proper guidance and hard work. Anybody can do well in board exams or competitive exams.

“Life only has one rule: Never quit.”

General Study Guide

Most of the students do not study before 2–3 months of examination due date and they just do normal school assignments/class tests or just half yearly exam preparation till the 9th month of Class 12.

This is not a correct strategy- unless and until you have a very high capacity mind for a strategic planning. Given below is high-pressure time management tactics provided for board exam preparation however it is advisable that the student starts preparing from the beginning of the academic year.

[Daily Study Hours: 6 hrs Months 1 to 3]

Class 12th- Month 1: Orient yourself to your school and quickly align yourself with the weekly tests/class exams etc. and start preparing your schedule

Class 12th- Months 2–3: If you wish to be within the 1st 5 rankers inside your class (which will make you enter the 85–100% percentile bracket nationwide), identify who all are the potential toppers or sure-shot crackers from Arts, Commerce, Science Streams and try to make sure that your scoring gets uniform with them. Through your networking align yourself with 1st 3 scorers in each of the streams in your school.

[Daily Study Hours: 8 hrs Months 3 to 6]

Class 12th- Months 3–4.5: While you Prepare for your half yearly exams (usually 50% of your syllabus/books), perform in weekly tests and try to go extra mile to read books 25–35% more (i.e. finish 75–85% of the syllabus) so that you are ahead of the race. You need not be perfect for 75–85% of the syllabus but you must know your strong & weak zones for the entire Class 12th before or just close to the half-yearly exam.

Class 12th- Months 4.5–6: Concentrate purely on your half yearly exams and give exam as scheduled.

[Daily Study Hours: 7 hrs Months 6 to 7.5]

Class 12th- Months 6–7.5: Orient yourself for your identified weak zones and focus on them so as to excel in the final board examinations. By this time your half-yearly exam result will also be out, Answer sheets will be shared and you will know what areas you need to focus on the 1st term.

[Daily Study Hours: 9 hrs Months 7.5 to 9.0]

Class 12th- Months 7.5–9.0: By now your school must have issued the schedule for your prelims and start vigorously focusing on it. If you have already gone according to my prescribed plan, you would have already covered 80% of your entire syllabus by your scheduled prelims date…Teachers usually at school try their best and can finish only 80% by December due to various other school commitments. Make their task easier [to see their students outshine in final exam], by doing the efforts as told by me in Months 3–4.5 by doing extra 25–35% syllabus in 1st term only.

[Daily Study Hours: 5-6 hrs Months 9.0 to 12.0 – Due to extra classes you may not get much time]

Class 12th- Months 9.0–10.0: By this time school will start extra classes to cover up the balance syllabus and since you would already be ahead with 80–85% of the syllabus covered, the teacher’s efforts in extra class will not be wasted on you, rather you will understand more easily. Many students claim that during extra classes- teachers rush a lot and 20–25% of the syllabus is sandwiched very fast. If you follow as per my schedule, the extra classes will become easy of teacher and very easy for you.

Class 12th- Months 10–11: Revise, your extra class notes, and all your class books. Start going through 5–10 year’s question paper now. As by now, you would have covered 90–95% of the syllabus plus the extra class would have gone fully into your mind (thanks to the strategic planning done in Months 3–4.5), you will get the balance time only for revision, mock tests and practice and nothing will look Hebrew for you.

Class 12th- Month 12: Believe yourself.

“Do something that your future self will thank you for.”

Should you repeat Class 12 if you have passed out with low marks?

Hi Twelvethie! 

You have really achieved a big thing and a great future is waiting! Along with 984,634 students, you have cracked the CBSE exams. Now you may be wondering whether you can get into the course of your dreams or settle down for next less attractive options.

Class 12 is the time when the season of entrance examinations begin. Irrespective of the stream of education you belong to you need to give some of the other entrance examinations after your CBSE Exams.

For science students, the entrance exams are for medical, engineering, plain science (research scholars). For commerce students the entrance exams are for CA and CS and Art Students there are entrance examinations for Literature, Humanities and Social for specific colleges.

Considering the heavy competition in these examinations, it becomes quite stressful and unnerving for most of the students. Due to all these psychological factors, the students suffer from performance pressure and anxiety issues which often has disastrous consequences in their preparation and they end up with a result which does not match their expectations.

In such cases, it is observed students are seen taking a year drop for preparing for their entrance examinations.

Psychological Factors affecting the performance in CBSE Exams

On a general note, it is not advisable to drop year because the performance pressure increases tenfold because the thought a year getting ‘wasted’ often leads to psychological problems like anxiety issues, nervousness, and exam fear. It becomes an obstacle in preparation just like the previous and thus has detrimental effects in the preparation for the upcoming examinations. So, people with extreme mental resilience and concrete determination are only advised to take this decision only after they have weighed down their current options and they have actually listed down the pros and cons of dropping a year and not dropping a year. He/she has to make sure it is a decision the person does not regret later and has taken his/her capabilities to how they would be able to fair in the upcoming examinations after dropping a year.

The advice of Continuing with a mediocre score and to do better in the future

If supposedly, the scores are mediocre (even if doesn’t meet the expectations of the candidate), it is advised that the student takes admission in a mediocre college and tries to maintain the best possible track record as it would be beneficial for the higher studies and the corporate world. As eventually, the effect of Class 12 results vanes over a period of time.

If the person has actually decided to take a drop on how to go about.

Even after considering all the options, the student is determined to drop a year for preparing for entrance examinations so be it. The students have to be mentally prepared to face any kind of situation whether it is best or the worst of situations and should be prepared to face any kind of ordeal. He/ she should be willing to make sacrifices pertaining to his/her social and personal life and be ready to give up on any kind of distraction that would hamper the preparation.

Important points which need to be taken into consideration

The focus and the determination have to be remarkable to make him/her stand out in the ranks of the examinations. The student has to make sure that the mistakes from the preparation from the earlier two years is not repeated at any cost and has to be rectified thoroughly. Time-management and Strategic Planning have to be extremely efficient such all his/her tasks are covered with utmost efficiency. Making Short Notes, Highlighting Texts, Revising, Re-revising everything needs to be done.

Most Important-Physical and Mental Health

Along with all this, the student should take care of his/her mental health and physical after taken all the detrimental factors into consideration because at the end of the day if they aren’t taken care of and his/her health deteriorates due to the extreme pressure then the all the preparation would be for naught.


We have seen stories of people taking a year and making it to the top ranks as well as people who dropped a year and made their conditions even more miserable. Now, the onus is on you to decide which story you wish to create. And even if the things don’t end up as they were planned, he/she should continue struggling and move forward after learning his/her mistake because there is no point crying over spilled milk. The only thing you’re allowed to do is not the regret the decision that you have taken.

“The best view comes after the toughest climb.”


Working project model for Physics/Chemistry for Class 12 CBSE

The Science Working Models and experiments seem to be very interesting concepts, especially at the school level. All these experiments will be in some way related to the day to day activities of our life. A science model represents a particular phenomenon happening in the world by making use of something that can represent it practically, thus making it easier for the way to understand.

General Overview

These  Science Working Models could be in the form of a diagram or even a picture, or even a physical model such as the kit of aircraft model which you might have observed when you were a kid or the example of a computer program or the set of all the complex mathematics describing a situation.

Many students at the school level enjoy creating these cool models with great ideologies and interesting facts relating to chemistry, physics, biology, plants, earth, and many more. The below-listed science working models give you an idea to challenge whichever subject you go with. CBSE has evaluation scheme in which students need to make projects for Physics and Chemistry. This an excellent methodology in which students can implement their theoretical knowledge to real-life application.


Science Models- Project Examples and Ideas

The Scientific models or the working science models explain and even predicts the behaviour of various systems and real-world objects. These are widely used in a various number of scientific disciplines such as physics, chemistry, biology up to the ecology as well as the Earth sciences.

Periscope: Periscopes are the instruments that were used to observe the things from a hidden position. These were used to see above the water from the submarines, within all the directions from the inner side of a tank.

Bridge construction: The giant structures like the bridges might be the most eye capturing structures. But have you ever wondered how these structures stand so strong? Here is an experiment that tells you about the shapes and the structure of bridges.

Some Project Examples are given as follows:

Wireless Energy: The Future of Electricity
Elasticity vs. Temperature
Water Flow
Parachutes: Does Size Matter
Water Pressure vs Buoyancy
Which Fluid is the most Viscous
How Friction on Different Surfaces Does Affect the Speed of the Balloon Car
Use of Magnetic Levitation for an Elevator
The Electrical Powered Crane
Frequency Relationship of Notes in Musical Harmony
Quantifying the Effect of Tungsten Illumination
Radioactive Attenuation and the Inverse Square Law
Specific Heat in Materials
Spectrum and Its Relationship to Temperature
Standing Waves
Study of the Force Generated from a Changing Magnetic Field
Study of the Wavelike Properties of Light
The Franck-Hertz Experiment
Using Sound to Measure Temperature
Comparison of the Adhesion of Liquids on Regular Shapes
The Comparison of Thermal Conductivity for Different Metals
Count on Calories
Creating Electric Current with a Magnet
Creating Sound with Heat
Do Acoustic Tiles Really Block Sound
Does the Temperature of a Magnet Affect Its Strength
Doppler Effect and the Fiber Gyroscope
How Accurate Is Parallax
How Do Different Color Filters Affect the Energy of a Laser Beam
How Does Sugar Density Affect the Index of Refraction of Water
How Fish Achieve Neutral Buoyancy
How Temperature Affects a Magnet’s Strength
How Temperature Affects Magnets
Light Reflection and Refraction off Liquids
Liquid Viscosity and Temperature

Extra-Tips for Science Models:

  1. The examiner will ask you to demonstrate the project if it’s a working one, so do make sure that all your bulbs are lighting and all the connections are well-fitted before going in. In case your project does not work at the time of your viva and project presentation don’t panic! Just say, very politely, “I’m afraid there are some technical issues here; however, I’m well aware of the project and I think I will be able to explain the works even without it”, and continue.


  1. Which brings me to my second point- Understand your project so well that you’re able to communicate about it. They will ask many questions about your project so you have to know it as if you created it. (They ask questions like, “So how is this idea productive in our day-to-day life?” Which was a surprise to me but I managed to answer somehow) Also, Have a summary of your project prepared. It should be of maximum of 4 mins. You have to be crisp and clear. Your summary should be less about the project and more about the concepts involved and how the project works because of that concept.


Kendriya Vidyalaya: How does it feel like to be a KVian?

Kendriya Vidyalaya’s have homogenous syllabus all over the country. Even if a student gets transferred due the job posting of their parents, the student does not suffer from a backlash in academics due to the school change. A KVian goes under overall development. Students are prepared from the grassroots. A KV student can manage to tackle any small to large scale problems, they can manage with limited resources, this is because we have been made rough and tough.


  • Quality Education:  Kendriya Vidyalaya follows the CBSE Board, hence NCERT Books are the standard reference books for all of its examinations. Considering, the entrance examinations like JEE, NEET, UPSC, the syllabus and the content of these books are very relevant to these examinations thus adding an additional support for clearing such examinations.
  • Inexpensive: The fees are quite low in comparison to other schools. Considering it has government backup, the quality is never degraded considering the low fees. In Hindi, we can say, “Isse Sasta aur Accha Kahi Aur nhi Milega
  • Faculties: Kendriya Vidyalaya has a good panel of faculties. Every teacher has to clear a written examination to be eligible for teaching in a KV. Thus, promoting quality education. The faculties mould the students to become better human beings.
  • Discipline: From morning itself, students need to stand in queues, walk in lines and take permissions for simple tasks. These actions inculcated a sense of discipline in the students which becomes very beneficial in their future. Thus, there was an upliftment in the moral values of the students.
  • Co-Curricular Activities: KVs supports all kind of hobbies and like, whether it be anything, music, arts, literature, almost everything. Competitions and exhibitions are held at the school level to zonal, central and national levels. Students are given platforms for an overall development. It is here, they build our bases.
  • Diversity: Students get to meet people from various parts of the country and need to get adapted to constant change – Friends are always leaving, equal numbers are coming, and sometimes you are moving around yourself. Mixing with many people from different backgrounds is a refreshing and humbling experience. The single biggest takeaway from any educational institution is the friends you make in your school life. The lunch break becomes interesting since all the students belonging to different communities brought their special delicacies which promoted the thought of “Unity in Diversity”.
  • Homogeneity in Socio-Economic Status: Generally, in KVs children from every level of society were present which the students never realize and they are not differentiated on the basis of their social status and economic status. There were no social class barriers existing between children which proves successful. So that is how the seeds of social equality are sown inside each KV kid. Children whose parents belonged to the Indian Army, Navy, Airforce, Bank employees, Scientists, and many government offices. So, it was a mixture of all kinds of students present in society.
  • Co-Ed school: Since Kendriya Vidyalaya is Co-Ed School, students learn gender equality and learn to respect their opposite-sex mutually. Thus, promoting a healthy atmosphere among the students.
  • Equal Opportunities: Plus, around 900+ KVs in India gives the student an excellent platform for interschool competition in all domains to showcase their abilities. You will be developed not only academically but will have a lot of practical street experience. And all students are given equal opportunities to participate in various events.
  • Recreational Activities: School trips, for a change you can always rely on short trips, to some picnic spots or different cities. School trips are very economical. By spending very little money students can visit various places and have fun with their friends. And the best part of being a KVian is definitely the ultra-cheap excursions all over India!
  • Academic Upliftment: There is no unnecessary pressure. The Board years passed by pretty much like any other year, students can enjoy 10th and 12th. Students are never forced to do anything. Many other schools would strip all the freedom of Board year students to “sharpen the focus”, which is sad since we these have negative effects on student’s minds. The best part about KVs is that excellence in academics was never imposed on the students. They are allowed to learn at their own pace.
  • Patriotism: Students are made to take pledges and sing the prayer in three different languages Hindi, Sanskrit and English. And contributes about 49% of soldiers to the nation. Due to the majority of the student’s parents serving the country, there is a sense of patriotism inculcated in the students.
  • A Huge Community:  According to the wiki (Kendriya Vidyalaya) there is a total of 1094 KV schools all over the world (3 are abroad) with 1,121,012 students, to me this is a huge large number. So, finding a KVian is not so uncommon in India, you automatically feel kind of sense of ‘knowing each other’ and ‘having same background’ also ‘same of kind of thought process’. You always have many stories to share the common things in your schools. Many times if you find a mutual friend who used to be in his/her school and later in your school or vice versa. So, this is how easily you have another friend.
  • Social Science Exhibitions, Sports Meets, Inter-School Activities: Considering the huge competitions in KVs, students are promoted to take up various sports and technical tasks and promotes healthy competition to give them an idea how to fair in the society with their innate talents. The competitions have various levels in which students have to progress to qualify to next levels. Students reaching the paramount levels are encouraged by the school and provided with support from the Indian Government.
  • Memories to Cherish:  Students have a lot of memories to cherish due to their invaluable experience in their school life. The student’s invaluable experience during the teacher’s day, national days of importance, festivals become something invaluable to them

The future of KVs will be a lot more exciting with all the support received from the government and thus the things will keep getting better as time progresses.

Success rate for rechecking of the CBSE class 12 papers

After the results for board exams are out, some are happy with their result while some are disappointed, and then there are those who are unsatisfied. If you are thinking to apply for re-evaluation / re-checking for Class 12 papers, then kindly read the following article.

The success rate for rechecking of Class 12 is quite low. It is quite a tedious process in which a  lot of steps are necessary and the process becomes taxing and expensive over a period of time. It will depend upon the scrutiny while mostly there is “No change” found.  The marks may increase or even decrease on verification and the candidate will have to accept the result. The candidate will have to accept his/ her new marks statement and surrender the old statement. In case of a change in marks, the fee is also refunded to the candidate.

However, it is not officially declared, but there is a news that from this year, students’ request for the re-evaluation of their answer sheets will not be accepted by the CBSE board.

There can be verification of two things only. First, the Roll Number and Name of the Student. Second, whether the marks on the mark-sheet are identical to that given in Students’ answer sheet or not.

Before proceeding, let me tell you what actually the revaluation or rechecking is. Actually, the process of re-evaluation is divided into three main steps. You cannot directly challenge the board to recheck your answers

  1.    Verification of Marks
  2.    Photocopy of Answer Sheet
  3.    Revaluation of Answers

A student can only apply for re-checking for the theory of the following subject: English Core, English Elective, Functional English, Hindi Core, Hindi Elective, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Business Studies, Economics, and Accountancy.

1)    Verification of marks

For the verification of marks, you can apply online from 17th of August to 22nd of August 2017. Fees of Rs.500/- per subject is to be received through E-challan

The very first step in the revaluation or rechecking is “verification of marks”. It is simply the process in which they see if you have got the correct marks or not. Following are the points that are checked in this step.

1) If all the answers that you wrote are evaluated or not.

2) There is no mistake in totalling of the marks.

3) The correct total marks are represented on the title page.

4) The supplementary answer sheet as mentioned in the main answer sheet by the student is intact or not.

Based on these points the marks of a student are added or reduced. No remarking will be done for an answer that has already been checked and assigned marks. If you are satisfied with the marks obtained after this process, then you do not have to go through the other two steps.

Points to remember

  •    The application for verification of marks should be given within 7 days of result declaration (same goes for compartment and re-checking).
  •    The student will have to pay Rs. 500 per subject as application fees for verification of marks.
  •    The verified marks will be uploaded on the official website of CBSE. If the mistake is found, then they will send a formal letter.
  •    Only after completing this step, you can apply for the next two steps.

Following are the steps to apply online for verification of marks.

2)    Photocopy of Answer Sheet

To obtain a photocopy of evaluated answer sheets, apply online, after the payment.

As mentioned above, if you are not satisfied with total marks you got after verification of marks, then you can challenge the CBSE board for a photocopy of the answer sheet. Following are the benefits of getting a photocopy of answer sheet:

  •    You can calculate the marks on your own, and make sure that the total marks given are correct. In case if you find any mistake in calculation of marks, or you find any answer unchecked, then you can contact your regional CBSE office to correct that mistake.
  •    If you think that you have been awarded fewer marks for your answers, then you can challenge the board for re-checking of your answer sheet.
  •    You will get the photocopy easily on the net if applied for it.

Points to remember

  •    You will have to upload an undertaking in the prescribed format. The undertaking will have to be scanned and uploaded with the application.
  •    Any details about the examiner/evaluators/any other official associated with the examination process will not be displayed on the answer sheet.
  •    You will need to pay the fees of Rs. 700 per subject to apply for class 12th.
  •    Only online mode of application will be accepted, and the fees should be paid through payment gateway (online mode) or by e-challan (No other mode will be accepted), along with duly scanned required documents.
  •    You will not be allowed to display your answer sheet for any commercial or any other use.

3) Revaluation of Answers

There is a news that from this year, students’ request for the re-evaluation of answer sheets will not be accepted by the CBSE board. However, it has not been officially declared by the CBSE board yet.

The revaluation of answers is the final step in the re-evaluation process. If a student is not satisfied with any of the steps mentioned above i.e. verification of marks, and photocopy of the answer sheet, then she/he can apply for the revaluation of some particular answers.

Points to remember

  •    A student can apply for revaluation only for the subject mentioned above in this article.
  •    Maximum 10 questions can be challenged for rechecking, and each question will cost Rs. 100. So, pick the questions that you are sure about.
  •    the applicant will have to refer to the marking scheme in the subject concerned (which
  •    will be available on the website), along with the question paper, and then submit
  •    the application for revaluation in the required question or questions with reasoning.
  •    If the marks are increased in any question, then the fees will be refunded for that particular question. But, if the marks remain unchanged or decrease, then the fees will not be returned.

The change in marks (increase or decrease) will be mentioned in the new mark sheet. The status of revaluation will be uploaded on the official website of CBSE.

How to Apply Online for CBSE Revaluation

The process to apply for revaluation is same as applying for a photocopy of the mark sheet. You will encounter the following steps:

1) This way you can easily apply for the CBSE revaluation for class 12th or class 10th.

2) In case of a change in marks in any step, the new mark sheet will be able to the candidate only when s/he will surrender the previous mark sheet.

So, this is the complete procedure of CBSE Revaluation or rechecking.

Just one day to go: What happens the day before the results are out?

Results are something more horrifying than ghosts or the “You are not connected to the internet” kind of a situation for students. Results are an integral part of a student’s life. Just like how every coin has two sides, the result day also has two consequences. On one hand, it may bring you happiness and on another, disappointment. As the result day ends all the suspense, this article is all about a day before the results!

General Overview of Results Day

There are many changes you get to see in a person, on the day before results. People become superstitious, atheists become the most devoted followers of God.

The students mostly assume a negative outcome, for which they think their parents are going to scold them a lot, and so as to avoid that, they start behaving properly to get less scolding, perhaps.

Every student has an excuse ready so that they could use it in case they fail.

Though we face it every year, the experience and feelings never change. The anxiety of it all makes us bite our nails and run around in circles till we get the answer to these questions. The experience on the day when the results are being announced is still a nightmare and everyone would be happy if the trauma gets over, as soon as possible, with good results.

Things to do before Results Day:

  1. Try not to discuss the exams. Some people find it comforting to talk to friends a little about what they wrote whereas some find it much better not to talk about the exam at all. However, discussing it highlights the points in which you did not perform well and as a result, you would get unnecessarily stressed about it.
  2. Make sure you know when results day is: Usually, you collect your exam results at your college or school but some universities provide an online service for checking results. If you aren’t around on results day, make sure you have arranged to have the results sent to your house or the address you will be staying at.
  3. Start sorting out and organizing any notes, books or paperwork you will need to have ready for the next academic term. This is best done early on. Not only will it take your mind off of the wait for the exam results, it will also make sure you don’t have any last-minute panics before the next term begins.
  4. Formulate and write down three plans- one for if you do as well or better than you need to in your exams, one for if you do worse than expected but not terribly, and one for if worst really does come to worst!
  5. Make plans to celebrate when the results come out, no matter if you did good or bad: It will give you something to look forward to instead of just getting stressed out for the results and making plans temporarily take your mind out this.
  6. The choice is yours if you want to open your results to others or when you are on your own. Some people like to open their results in front of their friends, some people prefer to have their parents with them whilst others prefer to find a quiet place where they can deal with the result by themselves. Don’t let anybody push you to open them at any other time than the one you are comfortable with. They’re your results and nobody else’s. Always be confident.

Things not to do before the results:

Results day can be hugely stressful, especially if you haven’t got what you wanted, but, for the vast majority, things will work out.

The run-up to results day is a nervous time and its understandable students could feel overwhelmed, but there are some things students should avoid doing at all costs

With a bit of extra preparation, even students who find exams don’t go as expected can remember results day for all the right reasons, so here is some advice on what not to do when going through Clearing and Adjustment:

  1. Chase every possible course indiscriminately

If you find yourself without a place at all because you haven’t got into your firm or insurance, you might be tempted to accept anything you can get. While it’s true you need to act pretty quickly to bag the most in-demand courses, there will be thousands of vacancies across the country for longer than you might think, and you can afford to take the time to find the right course for you.

Overall, think about what you want from a course, what sort of university appeals to you, and how far away from home you want to be – all these things still matter when you’re applying through Clearing and you should make sure any course you call about ticks your boxes. And don’t say yes to your first offer unless you’re absolutely certain it’s the one for you – it’s fine to ask for time to make your decision.  

  1. Be pressured into changing your mind

Maybe you’ve had some second thoughts about your choices recently. Maybe you’ve done better than you thought you would and you find you’re eligible for a better college and a better course. Results day is potentially a time to make changes, but, equally, don’t feel you have to if you don’t want to. If you’ve got your place confirmed, think carefully before looking for alternatives: remember what made you choose your course and university in the first place.

If you’re genuinely not happy with where you’ve ended up – or you think options are now open to you which you really didn’t consider before – then do some research and make some calls, but don’t rush into anything.

  1. Panic Management

Results time can be hugely stressful, especially if you haven’t got what you wanted, but, for the vast majority of people, things will work out. Maybe you’ll end up going somewhere you didn’t anticipate going, but, if you go there with enthusiasm, commitment, and an open mind, it could be the best thing you ever did.

Can one crack the JEE Advanced with only 1 year of preparation?


JEE Advanced, which is one of the most competitive, challenging entrance exams in the country or rather the world in general.  Cracking JEE is a highly cherished dream, sought-after by many, and achieved by a very exclusive group of people who redefine hard work and perseverance. Any student that prepares for JEE knows that every step he/she takes would need meticulous thinking and intense premeditation.

A large amount of student population in this favour engineering as a career option. Not just the students but their parents also have the fantasy of their child belonging to a premier institute such as the IIT.

Scenario of JEE

As an IIT aspirant, you must have been tired of hearing advice like – ‘Stay focused,’ ‘Practice, Practice, and Practice some more to get through JEE Advanced’ or ‘Beware of distractions!’ But then, did these tips really work? The truth is nobody knows the exact method of making it to an IIT. There’s no secret formula. Preparing for JEE Advanced in 1 year can be tough. But if you have a solid plan, you can definitely do it.

First of all, you need to know the syllabus because when you know

the syllabus, you have the power to make your plans accordingly. Here’s

the subject wise topics and weightage along with their time-scheme.

Subject-wise tips, syllabus, time-schedule


Oscillations and Waves12%
Rotational Motion9%
Laws of Motion7%
Current Electricity6%
Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism6%
Atoms and Nuclei5%
Work Energy Power4%
Electromagnetic Induction4%
Physics and Measurement4%
Properties of Solid and Liquid4%
Electromagnetic Waves3%

Mechanics and Electromagnetism constitute the major part of the paper (60%). In mechanics, do not stick with only mainstream questions, try different types of questions. Electromagnetism has a lot of formulas and a whole lot of concepts, which is the most difficult part of the syllabus. So, strengthen your theoretical knowledge. Keep in mind that Heat and Thermodynamics are generally numerical based on basic laws, so don’t go deep into the topic and concepts.

Time scheme:

Mechanics (1 month) + Electrodynamics (2 months) + Optics (2 weeks) + Properties of Matter (2 weeks) + Heat and Thermodynamics (3 weeks) + Modern Physics (1 week)


Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen11%
Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry9%
States of Matter7%
Coordination Compounds5%
p-block elements5%
Purification Characterization Organic Compounds5%
Chemical Thermodynamics5%
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure5%
S-block elements5%
Redox reactions and electrochemistry4%
Surface Chemistry3%
Atomic Structure2%
Nuclear Chemistry2%
Chemical Kinetics2%
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties2%
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals2%
D and F block elements2%
Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry2%
Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen2%
Organic Compounds Containing Halogens2%
Principles Related to Practical Chemistry1%

Physical chemistry has questions that are rather typical than applied. It is also the most scoring part of chemistry section, so learn it thoroughly. Keep in mind that Inorganic chemistry has both applied as well as typical questions and preparing for it might take a lot of time. Organic chemistry covers around 40% of the questions, where most of the questions are applied and based on series of reactions except GOC. Once you get the concepts right, it will become the easiest subject for you.

Time scheme:

Physical (1 month) + Inorganic (1.5-2 months) + Organic (2-2.5 months)



Quadratic Equations7%
Complex Numbers5%
Three-Dimensional Geometry5%
Sequence and Series5%
Vector Algebra5%
Conic Sections5%
Relations and Functions5%
Matrices and Determinants4%
Limits and Continuity4%
Straight Lines3%
Permutation and Combinations3%
Application of Derivatives3%
Inverse Trigonometry2%
Differential Equations2%
Binomial Theorem1%
Application of Integrals3%

Complex Number, Permutation Combination and Probability cover 80% of the algebra portion. Remember that the questions on these topics are relatively easy and scoring. Vector and 3D sometimes have questions that are bit lengthy, but if you get them right, you conquer the 30% weightage it has. Calculus, the trickiest part, has no particular trend in types of questions, so you have no choice but to practice a lot.

Well, everyone has a different grasping power. But 5-6 months is an optimum time period to finish the syllabus. You can utilize the remaining time in attempting question papers in time constraints and revising concepts and formulae. Also, always choose one difficult topic with two easy topics; it reduces the burden and effort.

7 quick revision tips for JEE Advanced

  1.    Make formulae sheets along with your preparation.
  2.    Keep marking tricky questions to look upon at the time of revision.
  3.    Always solve questions in time constraints.
  4.    It is not at all necessary to attempt questions in order to start with the easiest.
  5.    You only have 1 year – focus on problem-solving tactics rather than analysis of questions.
  6.    If the reverse approach is easy to do, then use it rather than following full solution procedure.
  7.    Have faith in yourself.

General Tips and Tricks

  1.    Set a target of solving a certain number of numerical problems and completing certain no. of chapters. Make a schedule and adhere to that schedule. As tempting as it may be, never quit until you have achieved your daily target. Sleep only once you have solved your daily problems. Don’t deviate from your routine because distraction is the cause of failure for many.
  2.    Start with the difficult areas first. It’s crucial to keep a note of the hardest sections and work your way to the easier material.
  3.    Analyse your mistakes and find the weak areas that reduce your speed.
  4.    Practice the art of selective thinking and listening. So, whether your dog needs your attention or that interesting episode of Game of Thrones, discard stray thoughts. Build your solutions step-by-step with contextual thinking.
  5.    Get test papers from the past few years and solve the questions religiously. Sample papers help you familiarize with the type of questions asked in the exam. Mock tests are eventually going to be your saviour.
  6.    Mugging up or rote learning is not going to help for JEE Advanced preparation. Ensure that you understand what you are reading and learn to apply your brains.
  7.    Do the things you love to maintain your physical and mental health because if they break down then all the preparation would be in vain.

With a success rate of barely 4-5%, JEE Advanced is fiercely competitive. You don’t always need to be a genius to crack JEE Advanced in a year. A methodical and disciplined approach can surprisingly take you to the pinnacle of success.

And lastly remember the most reliable source of help is no one, but you!


How can you get good marks in Class 12 Science Practical Exams?

Practical examination in Science is a test to determine if the student is able to implement theoretical knowledge into practical life. Generally, the practical examination pattern varies a bit subject wise but still, there are some common practices that can give you an edge.

As the final exams approach, all the students are most likely busy with preparations of board exams and entrance examinations. Though being an essential part of the CBSE Board final examinations, the practical exam is often overlooked and ignored. Most of us do not pay attention to details and procedure when teachers are demonstrating the practical experiments in class.

Here are some tips:

  1. The concept behind the specific experiment

Read the question carefully and thoroughly then only you can understand the principle working behind the particular experiment. If you know about the concept of each and every experiment conducted during the class, performing it is not at all a tough task.

  1. Learn the procedure to conduct the experiment

Make a series of steps to conduct the specific experiment given to you. Different experiments have different procedures. So you should know how a particular experiment is to be carried out and what is the apparatus needed for that experiment.

Knowing the procedure will not only help you during your practical exam but also during your industrial activities in the future because experimental results always are not in accordance with the theoretical data.

  1. Don’t cram the readings

As different apparatus have different specifications so the set of readings obtained this time may be different than those taken during the class. It’s better to clear your basics rather than cramming. Sometimes the various set of readings you obtained may be far different from each other which will not lead to an accurate average value. In this case you need to recheck your apparatus settings and rectify the error.

  1. Be good with diagrams and circuits

Visualize and draw rough diagrams for the experiments to prepare.  Particularly in physics, learn the circuit diagrams carefully and you must have a clear idea about how the different terminals are connected to each other. During the exam, the examiner may come and reset all your apparatus settings just to check whether it was not already connected and may ask you to reconstruct the whole setting. Thus to prevent casting the bad impression over the examiner you should be well prepared with diagrams and circuits.

  1. Be confident during the practical examination

A student should be confident about whatever topic is given by the examiner. During the experiment, remain calm and document the entire procedure you follow so that you are able to answer oral questions asked by the examiner in the oral exam after practical is completed. Most of the times, the examiner asks the questions that relate to the topic associated with the experiment or the on the project you have worked on.

  1. Sharpen your senses

While carrying the chemistry practicals you must have a fair idea about the smells and colours of different organic solvents. This will help you identify and distinguish different compounds used during the experiment easily.

Collaborated with sheer practice and continuous learning, these tips will surely help you to perform outstandingly in your practice exams.


The Life of a CA Student – Monotonous or Exciting?

Anything worth doing is never easy and anything that is one’s passion can never be boring. But when it comes to the life of a CA student then is the same theory applicable? There are various things one needs to do in order to become a CA there is lots to study and so much to endure but is it all worth it? What if one fails and what’s the feeling if there is prominent success?


Many people want to do various things in life but due to the pressure from one’s family and the society. But now times are changing we all find some or the other alternative route in order to live the life we all dream. Today it is all about following one’s passion and strictly doing what you love. Thinking from the heart and not the mind is the new mantra. And people are doing all sorts of things with this formula but also making sure that the house keeps running. While mostly this passion sticks to the artistic and creative field for some reason there are very few people who have other interests. These few people want to stick to making science and commerce and other technical things their passion and love. Now it isn’t clear weather all of them do it out of true desire or just out of moral and social responsibility. But one thing is for sure that once you get in and people have high hopes from you, there is a pressure of coming out if not victorious but at least with some honour.


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So today to get a little more specific let’s throw some light on a CA (Chartered Accountants) life. This life too isn’t easy and many people shouldn’t also take it lightly. Where on one side we have people making a fuss about engineering and medical. Also going various tough competitive exams such IAS and AIIMS, they often forget to mention about the CA finals. In order to become a CA a person has to pursue some other graduation degree alongside from the commerce stream. Most popularly the course is B.Com. Once the course begins the student needs to start with internships, articleship, extra classes, extra books and syllabus too. This whole process of appearing for the CA finals takes another set of tests and examinations which if not cleared all at once then once will have to start over again.


It is like playing a world cup there are many stages of reaching to the finals. The crucial part being that every step is as important as the last one and as prestigious as the finals. If you go wrong at one place, everything comes crumbling down. Now there can be many boring or monotonous parts about this regime but there are also some very quirky and exciting parts to this journey. It is up to the candidate as how does he want to view this lifestyle and how much can he/she undergo just to get to the final mark. So let’s have a look and decide as to which side overshadows the other.




Yes, it can get monotonous if not in the beginning but maybe in a year or so. That depends on the student’s threshold. Of how much can one tackle the complexities and mundane routine of something. But once a student starts preparing for CA finals many things get repetitive in life. There are the same things to study and they get harder with time. Another fact is that there are also too many things to manage at the same time. The student has to take care of college, the attendance and the separate exams that come with the graduation course the person is pursuing along with CA. So many assignments, college attendance and also going for tuitions for CA related subjects. People also have to compromise on their social life as it requires a lot of hard work to clear the exams and some pleasure time has to be let gone if the student genuinely wants to clear the exams for the CA finals and finally accomplish the CA dream.


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Now there is a common notion about the accounting field that it is boring and sucks a person dry. But then beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder is what many say. Although from the outside many people think it to be not exciting and also feel that people in the profession are just there as they couldn’t find anything else. That isn’t true in every case scenario, some people genuinely find complete and absolute pleasure in the job of being a Chartered Accountant. There are many things that they find interesting to do. I mean just imagine how excited would you be if you knew such a way to file taxes that literally half the money would come back to you? Wouldn’t that be a great legal way of saving up your hard earned money? This field of work gives people an amazing, efficient and legit way of doing the partially wrong things in the absolute right way. You know all the financial schemes and law hence no bank or bank employee can trick you.


One can also juggle funds in the stock market and tactically decide how to pay off EMI’s and take loans under which scheme system. The amount of power if tapped is exponentially great, every field of work and every industry can stand still if an accountant or a CA wishes it to be so. Once someone knows this true power it just might seem justified enough to work so hard for so long. The rest is for people to decide which side of the story they want to vouch for.


The life of a Commerce Student vs Science Student

In the Indian scenario science is by far undoubtedly the winner. Coming second is medical and then arts and the other streams. But now times are changing as people’s psyche is changing and more and more people are opting for arts and commerce. But is it fair to state that only the science students work hard? And that no other stream is as excruciating as this one? Education in itself is a tough job and anything worth doing is not easy. Today we shall debate upon the fact as to whose life is tougher or more challenging? The science student or the commerce student?


If there is any stream after science that can be taken seriously by Indian families is Commerce. As like science it too has various job opportunities and is very lucrative as a profession. It has various major courses and exams that can change one’s life. Be it Chartered Accountancy, Company Secretary or anything else. Students can also get into corporate law after studying commerce and mastering in it. And let’s not even get into the science stream and state about its opportunities. Starting from engineering and medical to software development and many more things to do. Let’s not even get started with that. However we need to be fair in giving due credit to all students for their hard work irrespective of which field of education they hail from. So we decided to compare the life of a Commerce and science student and understand where do the major differences lie

and what are their pros and cons.


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Let’s start right from the beginning with the school days and remember that back then science is the only things that seems to be feasible to do something suitable in life. Because back then that’s what we are being told by teachers and parents. But when the 10th standard approaches some parents and students decide to shift to the commerce stream. And where one would say that too is a good decision. Many parent do that explain that the child is weak in science and wont be able to score. Hence getting into commerce increases chances of spring higher in the 10th board and will also help him/her get into a good college.


Once you are a commerce student there will be things that change. Your friends from science will look down upon you. They will never make it evident but the subtle taunts and outcasting will start irking you in many ways than one. Your tuitions and classes will be different also leading to a new set of friends. Now that is at the social front but what about the educational front? Why does every believe it to be easy and scoring. I mean yes it is scoring if you get the bookkeeping and accounting right then it’s a win-win situation. Commerce too comes along with its own challenges where on one sid you believe science is about application based knowledge. Commerce on the other hand is both application based and also a lot of mugging up. So doesn’t that make it tougher and harder than science?


In the future if the child decides to do graduation in Commerce then and M.Com aren’t all that easy even though the course consists only of  years. Also to remind you that preparing to become a Chartered Accountant is perhaps one of the toughest things to do. Students have to prepare for easily 3-4 years just to give the CA finals. And if the student fails at the first attempt then the number of attempts to success cannot be guaranteed. Also students doing just also need to study for MBA and even though the commerce background gives them a leverage over other. MBA is not a piece of cake and nor is the entrance exams or colleges fees.


To know more about the Commerce student’s life, click on the link:




Now let’s jump into the glorified science student’s life and see how challenging it is. even though through school life they get to mock and taunt students from other streams how difficult is life for them? Not to stereotype and generalise but majority of students who take science do so under parental and family pressure. And most of the times these families are very orthodox in their approach to a child’s education. They come from the set belief notion that science is the only thing worth studying and those are the values they imbibe in their children. So let’s not blame the kids for their mentality but the parents who impart such baseless values in them.


Science students in their school days have to undergo so much stress due to their parents s and extra tuition classes that many of them get into depression. Most of the parents want their child to top in school or at least get the highest marks just in Physics, Chemistry and Maths along with biology. They never focus on social studies and other key subjects. That is why majority of Indian students are although brilliant but not fluent with basic English. If the pressure at school wasn’t over then the real challenge begins after the child gives the 10th boards.


You need to choose either between engineering or medical and hell you do not have a third option. And even if it wasn’t just about being strict or ruthless it also gets sexist at times. As a lot of people in the small towns believe that girls should pursue medical and boys should go for engineering. God knows whats the logic behind that.


Read this article to know more about the science stream and its students:




In all we can say that the science student’s life is not just about the hard work and lots of studying and classes. It is also the tremendous amount of pressure they have to live up to their families expectations and prove them right. We can never say who has a tougher or easier life. As long as there is something to achieve there will always be hardships and a student should be ready to face it all not expecting too much of spoon feeding coming their way.


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